ART

This Prolific Craft Collective Puts the Werk in Gesamtkunstwerk

Neue Galerie’s latest exhibition explores the staggering skill and output of the Wiener Werkstätte.

Neue Galerie’s latest exhibition explores the staggering skill and output of the Wiener Werkstätte.

Even if you’ve never heard of Wiener Werkstätte, the Vienna-based collective of master artists and craftspeople, you probably know of its originators, Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser. Beginning Oct. 26, New York’s Neue Galerie explores the collective’s lesser-known luminaries, as well as the evolution of its aesthetic, benefactors, and mediums, in “Wiener Werkstätte 1903–1932: The Luxury of Beauty.”

“The most remarkable thing is its scale and scope,” says co-curator Janis Staggs. “If you could think it, they could make it.” This was mostly thanks to the Werkstätte’s first financial backer, Fritz Wärndorfer, who endeavored to outfit his home as a Gesamtkunstwerk—a total work of art. In turn, the collective expanded its focus on work in metal to include furniture, wallpaper, textiles, fashion, bookbinding, ceramics, and glass. Each piece served as a status symbol for the cultural elite and helped shape the look and feel of domestic design. “You can see the Werkstätte’s artistic variety augmenting [the scene] almost like a foghorn over time: it started off muted, but by the end, you can’t necessarily speak of a style because it’s so all over the place. They were trying to appeal to everyone at the same time,” Staggs says, noting that the workshop, often on the verge of bankruptcy, diversified into less expensive, more approachable objects in hopes of reaching a broader market.

Centerpiece (1924) by Josef Hoffmann. Execution: Wiener Werkstätte. Courtesy the Neue Galerie New York.

The exhibition breaks the Werkstätte down into three chronological chapters. The first focuses on the workshop’s early years, where geometric, often black-and-white designs were a reaction against the art nouveau. A second gallery unpacks the middle years, marked by more naturalistic influences that resulted in stylized plant and floral motifs, while a third looks at its more decorative, ornate conclusion. Taken as a whole, the Werkstätte, which embraced noble materials, small-scale fabrication, and custom production, feels curiously familiar today. Even its demise—brought on by World War I, the 1929 stock market crash, the rise of Bauhaus, and people’s changing tastes—offers food for thought on the current state of design.

Photos (left column): Bird-shaped candy box (1920) by Dagobert Peche (1887-1923). Execution: Wiener Werkstätte. Silver; coal. Courtesy the Neue Galerie New York. Brooch acquired by Fritz Waerndorfer for Lili Waerndorfer (1904) by Josef Hoffman (1870-1956). Execution: Wiener Werkstätte. Courtesy the Neue Galerie New York.

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