DESIGN

This Iranian Textile Artist Is Reinventing Ancient Weaving Techniques

Taher Asad-Bakhtiari works with a group of semi-nomadic female artisans to create one-of-a-kind woven pieces rooted in tradition.

At the rather green age of 35, Taher Asad-Bakhtiari has already lived several lives: The self-taught Iranian artist cycled through various ventures in experience and event design (he also ran a creative agency) before finding his way to weaving at the suggestion of his mother, a retired patternmaker. Since then, he’s triangulated between the U.S., Tehran, and more recently Dubai, his home for the last five years before relocating to New York. The lively Middle Eastern hub served as “an amazing platform to start something new with my life and get the word out,” Asad-Bakhtiari says. So it is with a renewed focus on ancestral craft that he prepares for the launch of an exclusive collection of his reimagined kilims and gabbehs—produced in collaboration with a tribe of semi-nomadic Iranian and Afghani women as part of his ongoing Tribal Weave Project—at New York’s Met Breuer in September.

The opening is the latest feather in the cap of the rising star, who received an industry boost this year during New York’s International Contemporary Furniture Fair, where he launched an expansive collection of textiles with Bernhardt Design—the brand’s first collaboration with an artist of Middle Eastern descent, and Asad-Bakhtiari’s first venture into commercial design.

While the commissions and accolades seem to grow with each new project, Asad-Bakhtiari says landing on woven textiles as a medium was, until recently, a bit “like a puzzle.” Growing up in a creative family, however, clearly shaped his artistic leanings. His great aunt is Monir Shahroudy Farmanfarmaian, among the most prominent contemporary Iranian artists of the last century—and the first woman in Iran to have a monographic museum inaugurated in her honor. His mother, who studied fashion design at London’s Central Saint Martins, introduced him to the weavers with whom he currently works. Witnessing their engagement in primitive, increasingly rarified techniques proved to be a serendipitous boon for the young artist.

“My family comes from an Iranian tribe: This is their craft—this is their lifestyle. It all fit so well together. When it clicked for me, I thought, ‘Well, this world was meant to be mine,’” Asad-Bakhtiari says, with the verve that comes from an intimately personal passion.

Made from hand-dyed wools, the pieces take anywhere from four to six months to create (and sometimes longer, depending on the size), lending themselves to small-batch editions limited to no more than a dozen or so pieces per collection. “It’s a slow process,” says Asad-Bakhtiari, who conveys his designs to the women through colorful sketches, a visual language that transcends any barriers between his Farsi and their regional dialects.

As Asad-Bakhtiari’s knowledge of the traditional weaving process has expanded, so has his introduction of boundary-pushing elements into the craft. Rather than confine himself to designs that are strictly “authentic”—a term that has become increasingly fraught in our postmodern context—Asad-Bakhtiari continues to embrace experimentation with the goal of bringing the craft into the 21st century.

“I started weaving because I wanted to bring a whole new kind of look into the craft—and the craft that I thought to begin with was the most primitive,” he says. “Nowadays, with machines and industry, everything has gone toward that. There aren’t many tribal groups anymore. And they don’t weave like this anymore because there’s not much of a market for it. I thought, if I’m going to make something, that’s going to be different.”

 

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Beginning with explorations driven by color and form, he began to toy with dyed warps—a process that thins the fibers and brings defined texture to the weaves—before incorporating wildly inventive materials that many of the craftswomen had never worked with before: translucent lace, opaque polyurethane, shimmering metallic fibers, super-tufted wools, and stone beads. It’s these unconventional twists—a visual, tactile language that can sometimes confound buyers and onlookers content to work within standard silos of production—that caught the eye of curators at the Met Breuer.

“When people see my work, they tend to ask, ‘Do you put this on the floor, or do you put this on a wall?’” Asad-Bakhtiari says. After a decade spent searching for and refining his craft, he remains uninterested in outside categorizations or fussy labels, and is happy to have the work speak for itself. “My answer is typically this: You decide. It becomes functional in however you want it to be functional.”

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